I, Sam Reed, Secretary of State of the State of Washington and custodian of its seal, hereby certify that, according to the records on file in my office, the attached copy of Initiative Measure No. 775 to the People is a true and correct copy as it was received by this office.
AN ACT Relating to regulating and improving long-term in-home care services; amending RCW 74.39A.030 and 74.39A.095; adding new sections to chapter 74.39A RCW; adding a new section to chapter 41.56 RCW; adding a new section to chapter 70.127 RCW; adding a new section to chapter 74.09 RCW; and creating a new section.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
NEW SECTION. Sec. 1. FINDINGS. The people of the state of Washington find as follows:
(1) Thousands of Washington seniors and persons with disabilities live independently in their own homes, which they prefer and is less costly than institutional care such as nursing homes.
(2) Many Washington seniors and persons with disabilities currently receive long-term in-home care services from individual providers hired directly by them under the medicaid personal care, community options programs entry system, or chore services program.
(3) Quality long-term in-home care services allow Washington seniors, persons with disabilities, and their families the choice of allowing seniors and persons with disabilities to remain in their homes, rather than forcing them into institutional care such as nursing homes. Long-term in-home care services are also less costly, saving Washington taxpayers significant amounts through lower reimbursement rates.
(4) The quality of long-term in-home care services in Washington would benefit from improved regulation, higher standards, better accountability, and improved access to such services. The quality of long-term in-home care services would further be improved by a well-trained, stable individual provider work force earning reasonable wages and benefits.
(5) Washington seniors and persons with disabilities would benefit from the establishment of an authority that has the power and duty to regulate and improve the quality of long-term in-home care services.
(6) The authority should ensure that the quality of long-term in-home care services provided by individual providers is improved through better regulation, higher standards, increased accountability, and the enhanced ability to obtain services. The authority should also encourage stability in the individual provider work force through collective bargaining and by providing training opportunities.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 2. AUTHORITY CREATED. (1) The home care quality authority is established to regulate and improve the quality of long-term in-home care services by recruiting, training, and stabilizing the work force of individual providers.
(2) The authority consists of a board of nine members appointed by the governor. Five board members shall be current and/or former consumers of long-term in-home care services provided for functionally disabled persons, at least one of whom shall be a person with a developmental disability; one board member shall be a representative of the developmental disabilities planning council; one board member shall be a representative of the governor's committee on disability issues and employment; one board member shall be a representative of the state council on aging; and one board member shall be a representative of the Washington state association of area agencies on aging. Each board member serves a term of three years. If a vacancy occurs, the governor will make an appointment to become immediately effective for the unexpired term. Each board member is eligible for reappointment and may serve no more than two consecutive terms. In making appointments, the governor will take into consideration any nominations or recommendations made by the groups or agencies represented.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 3. DEFINITIONS. The definitions in this section apply throughout RCW 74.39A.030 and 74.39A.095 and sections 1 through 9 and 12 through 14 of this act unless the context clearly requires otherwise.
(1) "Authority" means the home care quality authority.
(2) "Board" means the board created under section 2 of this act.
(3) "Consumer" means a person to whom an individual provider provides any such services.
(4) "Individual provider" means a person, including a personal aide, who has contracted with the department to provide personal care or respite care services to functionally disabled persons under the medicaid personal care, community options program entry system, chore services program, or respite care program, or to provide respite care or residential services and support to persons with developmental disabilities under chapter 71A.12 RCW, or to provide respite care as defined in RCW 74.13.270.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 4. AUTHORITY DUTIES. (1) The authority must carry out the following duties:
(a) Establish qualifications and reasonable standards for accountability for and investigate the background of individual providers and prospective individual providers, except in cases where, after the department has sought approval of any appropriate amendments or waivers under section 14 of this act, federal law or regulation requires that such qualifications and standards for accountability be established by another entity in order to preserve eligibility for federal funding. Qualifications established must include compliance with the minimum requirements for training and satisfactory criminal background checks as provided in RCW 74.39A.050 and confirmation that the individual provider or prospective individual provider is not currently listed on any long-term care abuse and neglect registry used by the department at the time of the investigation;
(b) Undertake recruiting activities to identify and recruit individual providers and prospective individual providers;
(c) Provide training opportunities, either directly or through contract, for individual providers, prospective individual providers, consumers, and prospective consumers;
(d) Provide assistance to consumers and prospective consumers in finding individual providers and prospective individual providers through the establishment of a referral registry of individual providers and prospective individual providers. Before placing an individual provider or prospective individual provider on the referral registry, the authority shall determine that:
(i) The individual provider or prospective individual provider has met the minimum requirements for training set forth in RCW 74.39A.050;
(ii) The individual provider or prospective individual provider has satisfactorily undergone a criminal background check conducted within the prior twelve months; and
(iii) The individual provider or prospective individual provider is not listed on any long-term care abuse and neglect registry used by the department;
(e) Remove from the referral registry any individual provider or prospective individual provider the authority determines not to meet the qualifications set forth in (d) of this subsection or to have committed misfeasance or malfeasance in the performance of his or her duties as an individual provider. The individual provider or prospective individual provider, or the consumer to which the individual provider is providing services, may request a fair hearing to contest the removal from the referral registry, as provided in chapter 34.05 RCW;
(f) Provide routine, emergency, and respite referrals of individual providers and prospective individual providers to consumers and prospective consumers who are authorized to receive long-term in-home care services through an individual provider;
(g) Give preference in the recruiting, training, referral, and employment of individual providers and prospective individual providers to recipients of public assistance or other low-income persons who would qualify for public assistance in the absence of such employment; and
(h) Cooperate with the department, area agencies on aging, and other federal, state, and local agencies to provide the services described and set forth in this section. If, in the course of carrying out its duties, the authority identifies concerns regarding the services being provided by an individual provider, the authority must notify the relevant area agency or department case manager regarding such concerns.
(2) In determining how best to carry out its duties, the authority must identify existing individual provider recruitment, training, and referral resources made available to consumers by other state and local public, private, and nonprofit agencies. The authority may coordinate with the agencies to provide a local presence for the authority and to provide consumers greater access to individual provider recruitment, training, and referral resources in a cost-effective manner. Using requests for proposals or similar processes, the authority may contract with the agencies to provide recruitment, training, and referral services if the authority determines the agencies can provide the services according to reasonable standards of performance determined by the authority. The authority must provide an opportunity for consumer participation in the determination of the standards.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 5. DEPARTMENT DUTIES. The department must perform criminal background checks for individual providers and prospective individual providers and ensure that the authority has ready access to any long-term care abuse and neglect registry used by the department.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 6. EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP--CONSUMER RIGHTS. (1) Solely for the purposes of collective bargaining, the authority is the public employer, as defined in chapter 41.56 RCW, of individual providers, who are public employees, as defined in chapter 41.56 RCW, of the authority.
(2) Chapter 41.56 RCW governs the employment relationship between the authority and individual providers, except as otherwise expressly provided in this act and except as follows:
(a) The only unit appropriate for the purpose of collective bargaining under RCW 41.56.060 is a statewide unit of all individual providers;
(b) The showing of interest required to request an election under RCW 41.56.060 is ten percent of the unit, and any intervener seeking to appear on the ballot must make the same showing of interest;
(c) The mediation and interest arbitration provisions of RCW 41.56.430 through 41.56.470 and 41.56.480 apply;
(d) Individual providers do not have the right to strike; and
(e) Individual providers who are related to, or family members of, consumers or prospective consumers are not, for that reason, exempt from this act or chapter 41.56 RCW.
(3) Individual providers who are employees of the authority under subsection (1) of this section are not, for that reason, employees of the state for any purpose.
(4) Consumers and prospective consumers retain the right to select, hire, supervise the work of, and terminate any individual provider providing services to them. Consumers may elect to receive long-term in-home care services from individual providers who are not referred to them by the authority.
(5) In implementing and administering this act, neither the authority nor any of its contractors may reduce or increase the hours of service for any consumer below or above the amount determined to be necessary under any assessment prepared by the department or an area agency on aging.
(6)(a) The authority, the area agencies on aging, or their contractors under this act may not be held vicariously liable for the action or inaction of any individual provider or prospective individual provider, whether or not that individual provider or prospective individual provider was included on the authority's referral registry or referred to a consumer or prospective consumer.
(b) The members of the board are immune from any liability resulting from implementation of this act.
(7) Nothing in this section affects the state's responsibility with respect to the state payroll system or unemployment insurance for individual providers.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 7. POWERS. In carrying out its duties under this act, the authority may:
(1) Make and execute contracts and all other instruments necessary or convenient for the performance of its duties or exercise of its powers, including contracts with public and private agencies, organizations, corporations, and individuals to pay them for services rendered or furnished;
(2) Offer and provide recruitment, training, and referral services to providers of long-term in-home care services other than individual providers and prospective individual providers, for a fee to be determined by the authority;
(3) Issue rules under the administrative procedure act, chapter 34.05 RCW, as necessary for the purpose and policies of this act;
(4) Establish offices, employ and discharge employees, agents, and contractors as necessary, and prescribe their duties and powers and fix their compensation, incur expenses, and create such liabilities as are reasonable and proper for the administration of this act;
(5) Solicit and accept for use any grant of money, services, or property from the federal government, the state, or any political subdivision or agency thereof, including federal matching funds under Title XIX of the federal social security act, and do all things necessary to cooperate with the federal government, the state, or any political subdivision or agency thereof in making an application for any grant;
(6) Coordinate its activities and cooperate with similar agencies in other states;
(7) Establish technical advisory committees to assist the board;
(8) Keep records and engage in research and the gathering of relevant statistics;
(9) Acquire, hold, or dispose of real or personal property or any interest therein, and construct, lease, or otherwise provide facilities for the activities conducted under this chapter, provided that the authority may not exercise any power of eminent domain;
(10) Sue and be sued in its own name;
(11) Delegate to the appropriate persons the power to execute contracts and other instruments on its behalf and delegate any of its powers and duties if consistent with the purposes of this chapter; and
(12) Do other acts necessary or convenient to execute the powers expressly granted to it.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 8. PERFORMANCE REVIEW. (1) The joint legislative audit and review committee will conduct a performance review of the authority every two years and submit the review to the legislature and the governor. The first review will be submitted before December 1, 2006.
(2) The performance review will include an evaluation of the health, welfare, and satisfaction with services provided of the consumers receiving long-term in-home care services from individual providers under this act, including the degree to which all required services have been delivered, the degree to which consumers receiving services from individual providers have ultimately required additional or more intensive services, such as home health care, or have been placed in other residential settings or nursing homes, the promptness of response to consumer complaints, and any other issue the committee deems relevant.
(3) The performance review will provide an explanation of the full cost of individual provider services, including the administrative costs of the authority, unemployment compensation, social security and medicare payroll taxes paid by the department, and area agency on aging home care oversight costs.
(4) The performance review will make recommendations to the legislature and the governor for any amendments to this act that will further ensure the well-being of consumers and prospective consumers under this act, and the most efficient means of delivering required services. In addition, the first performance review will include findings and recommendations regarding the appropriateness of the authority's assumption of responsibility for verification of hours worked by individual providers, payment of individual providers, and other duties.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 9. FUNDING. (1) The governor must submit a request for funds necessary to administer this act and to implement any collective bargaining agreement entered into under section 6 of this act or for legislation necessary to implement any such agreement within ten days of the date on which the agreement is ratified or, if the legislature is not in session, within ten days after the next legislative session convenes. The legislature must approve or reject the submission of the request for funds as a whole. If the legislature rejects or fails to act on the submission, any such agreement will be reopened solely for the purpose of renegotiating the funds necessary to implement the agreement.
(2) When any increase in individual provider wages or benefits is negotiated or agreed to by the authority, no increase in wages or benefits negotiated or agreed to under this act will take effect unless and until, before its implementation, the department has determined that the increase is consistent with federal law and federal financial participation in the provision of services under Title XIX of the federal social security act.
(3) After the expiration date of any collective bargaining agreement entered into under section 6 of this act, all of the terms and conditions specified in any such agreement remain in effect until the effective date of a subsequent agreement, not to exceed one year from the expiration date stated in the agreement.
Sec. 10. RCW 74.39A.030 and 1995 1st sp.s. c 18 s 2 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) To the extent of available funding, the department shall expand cost-effective options for home and community services for consumers for whom the state participates in the cost of their care.
(2) In expanding home and community services, the department shall: (a) Take full advantage of federal funding available under Title XVIII and Title XIX of the federal social security act, including home health, adult day care, waiver options, and state plan services; and (b) be authorized to use funds available under its community options program entry system waiver granted under section 1915(c) of the federal social security act to expand the availability of in-home, adult residential care, adult family homes, enhanced adult residential care, and assisted living services. By June 30, 1997, the department shall undertake to reduce the nursing home medicaid census by at least one thousand six hundred by assisting individuals who would otherwise require nursing facility services to obtain services of their choice, including assisted living services, enhanced adult residential care, and other home and community services. If a resident, or his or her legal representative, objects to a discharge decision initiated by the department, the resident shall not be discharged if the resident has been assessed and determined to require nursing facility services. In contracting with nursing homes and boarding homes for enhanced adult residential care placements, the department shall not require, by contract or through other means, structural modifications to existing building construction.
(3)(a) The department shall by rule establish payment rates for home and community services that support the provision of cost-effective care. In the event of any conflict between any such rule and a collective bargaining agreement entered into under sections 6 and 9 of this act, the collective bargaining agreement prevails.
(b) The department may authorize an enhanced adult residential care rate for nursing homes that temporarily or permanently convert their bed use for the purpose of providing enhanced adult residential care under chapter 70.38 RCW, when the department determines that payment of an enhanced rate is cost-effective and necessary to foster expansion of contracted enhanced adult residential care services. As an incentive for nursing homes to permanently convert a portion of its nursing home bed capacity for the purpose of providing enhanced adult residential care, the department may authorize a supplemental add-on to the enhanced adult residential care rate.
(c) The department may authorize a supplemental assisted living services rate for up to four years for facilities that convert from nursing home use and do not retain rights to the converted nursing home beds under chapter 70.38 RCW, if the department determines that payment of a supplemental rate is cost-effective and necessary to foster expansion of contracted assisted living services.
Sec. 11. RCW 74.39A.095 and 2000 c 87 s 5 are each amended to read as follows:
(1) In carrying out case management responsibilities established under RCW 74.39A.090 for consumers who are receiving services under the medicaid personal care, community options programs entry system or chore services program through an individual provider, each area agency on aging shall provide ((adequate)) oversight of the care being provided to consumers receiving services under this section((. Such oversight shall)) to the extent of available funding. Case management responsibilities incorporate this oversight, and include, but ((is)) are not limited to:
(a) Verification that ((the)) any individual provider who has not been referred to a consumer by the authority established under this act has met any training requirements established by the department;
(b) Verification of a sample of worker time sheets;
(c) ((Home visits or telephone contacts sufficient to ensure that the plan of care is being appropriately implemented)) Monitoring the consumer's plan of care to ensure that it adequately meets the needs of the consumer, through activities such as home visits, telephone contacts, and responses to information received by the area agency on aging indicating that a consumer may be experiencing problems relating to his or her home care;
(d) Reassessment and reauthorization of services;
(e) Monitoring of individual provider performance. If, in the course of its case management activities, the area agency on aging identifies concerns regarding the care being provided by an individual provider who was referred by the authority, the area agency on aging must notify the authority regarding its concerns; and
(f) Conducting criminal background checks or verifying that criminal background checks have been conducted for any individual provider who has not been referred to a consumer by the authority.
(2) The area agency on aging case manager shall work with each consumer to develop a plan of care under this section that identifies and ensures coordination of health and long-term care services that meet the consumer's needs. In developing the plan, they shall utilize, and modify as needed, any comprehensive community service plan developed by the department as provided in RCW 74.39A.040. The plan of care shall include, at a minimum:
(a) The name and telephone number of the consumer's area agency on aging case manager, and a statement as to how the case manager can be contacted about any concerns related to the consumer's well-being or the adequacy of care provided;
(b) The name and telephone numbers of the consumer's primary health care provider, and other health or long-term care providers with whom the consumer has frequent contacts;
(c) A clear description of the roles and responsibilities of the area agency on aging case manager and the consumer receiving services under this section;
(d) The duties and tasks to be performed by the area agency on aging case manager and the consumer receiving services under this section;
(e) The type of in-home services authorized, and the number of hours of services to be provided;
(f) The terms of compensation of the individual provider;
(g) A statement that the individual provider has the ability and willingness to carry out his or her responsibilities relative to the plan of care; and
(h)(i) Except as provided in (h)(ii) of this subsection, a clear statement indicating that a consumer receiving services under this section has the right to waive any of the case management services offered by the area agency on aging under this section, and a clear indication of whether the consumer has, in fact, waived any of these services.
(ii) The consumer's right to waive case management services does not include the right to waive reassessment or reauthorization of services, or verification that services are being provided in accordance with the plan of care.
(3) Each area agency on aging shall retain a record of each waiver of services included in a plan of care under this section.
(4) Each consumer has the right to direct and participate in the development of their plan of care to the maximum practicable extent of their abilities and desires, and to be provided with the time and support necessary to facilitate that participation.
(5) A copy of the plan of care must be distributed to the consumer's primary care provider, individual provider, and other relevant providers with whom the consumer has frequent contact, as authorized by the consumer.
(6) The consumer's plan of care shall be an attachment to the contract between the department, or their designee, and the individual provider.
(7) If the department or area agency on aging case manager finds that an individual provider's inadequate performance or inability to deliver quality care is jeopardizing the health, safety, or well-being of a consumer receiving service under this section, the department or the area agency on aging may take action to terminate the contract between the department and the individual provider. If the department or the area agency on aging has a reasonable, good faith belief that the health, safety, or well-being of a consumer is in imminent jeopardy, the department or area agency on aging may summarily suspend the contract pending a fair hearing. The consumer may request a fair hearing to contest the planned action of the case manager, as provided in chapter 34.05 RCW. When the department or area agency on aging terminates or summarily suspends a contract under this subsection, it must provide oral and written notice of the action taken to the authority. The department may by rule adopt guidelines for implementing this subsection.
(8) The department or area agency on aging may reject a request by a consumer receiving services under this section to have a family member or other person serve as his or her individual provider if the case manager has a reasonable, good faith belief that the family member or other person will be unable to appropriately meet the care needs of the consumer. The consumer may request a fair hearing to contest the decision of the case manager, as provided in chapter 34.05 RCW. The department may by rule adopt guidelines for implementing this subsection.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 12. In addition to the entities listed in RCW 41.56.020, this chapter applies to individual providers under sections 6 and 9 of this act.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 13. The authority established by this act is not subject to regulation for purposes of this chapter.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 14. The department must seek approval from the federal health care financing administration of any amendments to the existing state plan or waivers necessary to ensure federal financial participation in the provision of services to consumers under Title XIX of the federal social security act.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 15. CODIFICATION. Sections 1 through 9 of this act are each added to chapter 74.39A RCW. Section 12 of this act is added to chapter 41.56 RCW. Section 13 of this act is added to chapter 70.127 RCW. Section 14 of this act is added to chapter 74.09 RCW.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 16. CAPTIONS. Captions used in this act are not any part of the law.
NEW SECTION. Sec. 17. SEVERABILITY. If any provision of this act or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected.
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